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    Facts and News from/about Kingdom of Thailand

    FACTS: Kingdom of Thailand.

    Background: A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century; it was known as Siam until 1939. Thailand is the only south east Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US ally following the conflict.

    Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

    Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 100 00 E

    Area:
    Total: 514,000 sq km
    Land: 511,770 sq km
    Water: 2,230 sq km

    Area - comparative:
    Spain 504.880 sq.km
    France 543.965 sq.km

    Land boundaries:
    Total: 4.863 km

    Border countries:

    Burma 1.800 km,
    Cambodia 803 km
    Laos 1.754 km
    Malaysia 506 km

    Coastline: 3,219 km

    Maritime claims:

    Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

    Territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

    Terrain:

    Central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; Mountains elsewhere

    Elevation extremes:

    Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
    Highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

    Natural resources:

    Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite and arable land.

    Land use:

    Arable land: 34%
    Permanent crops: 6%
    Permanent pastures: 2%
    Forests and woodland: 26%
    Other: 32% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 44,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards:

    Land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

    Environment - current issues:

    Air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

    Geography - note:

    Controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

    Population: 61,230,874

    Note: Estimates for this country’s explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and *** than would otherwise be expected (July 2000 est.)

    Age structure: (2000 est.)

    0-14 years: 24% (male 7,386,231; female 7,107,010)
    15-64 years: 70% (male 21,102,363; female 21,714,411)
    65 years and over: 6% (male 1,726,043; female 2,194,816)

    Population growth rate: 0.93% (2000 est.)

    Birth rate: 16.86 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)
    Death rate: 7.53 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

    *** ratio: (2000 est.)
    At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female

    Infant mortality rate: 31.48 deaths/1,000 live births

    Life expectancy at birth:

    Total population: 68.55 years
    Male: 65.29 years
    Female: 71.97 years

    Total fertility rate: 1.88 children born/woman

    Nationality:

    Noun: Thai (singular and plural)
    Adjective: Thai

    Ethnic groups: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

    Religions:
    Buddhism 95%
    Muslim 3.8%
    Christianity 0.5%
    Hinduism 0.1%
    other 0.6%

    Languages:

    Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

    Literacy:

    Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    Total population: 93.8%
    Male: 96%
    Female: 91.6%

    Country name:

    Conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand
    Conventional short form: Thailand
    With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

    Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
    Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
    Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
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    #2
    Data code: TH

    Government type: Constitutional monarchy

    Capital: Bangkok

    Administrative divisions: 76 provinces (changwat, singular and plural); Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Buriram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon (Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sa Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Sara Buri, Satun, Sing Buri, Sisaket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin, Tak, Trang, Trat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit, Yala, Yasothon

    Independence: 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)

    National holiday:

    Birthday of His Majesty the King, 5 December (1927)

    Constitution:

    New constitution signed by King PHUMIPHON on 11 October 1997

    Legal system:

    Based on civil law system, with influences of common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    Executive branch: Chief of state: King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet (since 9th of June 1946).

    Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister designated from among the members of the House of Representatives; following a national election for the House of Representatives, the leader of the party that can organize a majority coalition usually becomes prime minister

    Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly or Rathasapha consists of the Senate or Wuthisapha (a 253-member appointed body which will be phased into a 200-member elected body starting in March 2000; members serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon (currently has 392 members, but will become a 500-member body after the next election; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Sandika), judges appointed by the monarch

    Flag description: five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red

    Economy - overview: After enjoying the world's highest growth rate from 1985 to 1995 - averaging almost 9% annually - increased speculative pressure on Thailand's currency in 1997 led to a crisis that uncovered financial sector weaknesses and forced the government to float the baht. Long pegged at 25 to the dollar, the baht reached its lowest point of 56 to the dollar in January 1998 and the economy contracted by nearly 10% that same year. Thailand entered a recovery stage in 1999; preliminary estimates are that the economy expanded by about 4% - most forecasters expect similar growth in 2000. Beginning in 1999 the baht stabilized and inflation and interest rates began coming down. The CHUAN government has cooperated closely with the IMF and adhered to its mandated recovery program, including passage of new bankruptcy and foreclosure laws. The regional recovery boosted exports, while fiscal stimulus buoyed domestic demand. While slow progress has been made in recapitalizing the financial sector, tough measures - such as implementing a privatization plan and forcing the private sector to restructure - remain undone.

    Population below poverty line: 12.5% (1998 est.)

    Labor force: 32.6 million (1997 est.)

    Labor force - by occupation:

    Agriculture 54%, industry 15%, services 31% (1996 est.)

    Unemployment rate: 4.5% (1998 est.)

    Industries:

    Tourism; textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing, such as jewelry; electric appliances and components, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer

    Industrial production growth rate: 12.6% (1999 est.)

    Electricity - production: 85 billion kWh (1999)

    Electricity - production by source:
    Fossil fuel: 91.44%
    Hydro: 8.56%
    Nuclear: 0%
    Other: 0% (1998)

    Electricity - consumption: 80.293 billion kWh (1999)

    Electricity - exports: 138 million kWh (1998)

    Electricity - imports: 700 million kWh (1998)

    Agriculture - products:

    Rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans
    Exports: $58.5 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

    Exports - commodities: Computers and parts, textiles, rice

    Exports - partners: US 22.3%, Japan 13.7%, Singapore 8.6%, Hong Kong 5.1%, Netherlands 4.0%, UK 3.9%, Malaysia 3.3%, China 3.2%, Taiwan 3.2%, Germany 2.9% (1998)

    Imports: $45 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

    Imports - commodities: Capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels

    Imports - partners: Japan 23.6%, US 14.0%, Singapore 5.5%, Malaysia 5.1%, Taiwan 5.2%, Germany 4.2%, China 4.2%, South Korea 3.5%, Oman 2.6%, Indonesia 2.1% (1998)

    Debt - external: $80 billion (1999 est.)

    Economic aid - recipient: $1.732 billion (1995)

    Currency: 1 baht (B) = 100 satang

    Exchange rates: Baht (B) per US$1 - 37.349 (January 2000), 37.844 (1999), 41.359 (1998), 31.364 (1997), 25.343 (1996), 24.915 (1995)

    Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

    Telephones - main lines in use: 5.4 million (1998)
    Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.3 million (1998)

    Telephone system:
    Service to general public adequate, but investment in technological upgrades reduced by recession; bulk of service to government activities provided by multi channel cable and microwave radio relay network

    Domestic: microwave radio relay and multi channel cable; domestic satellite system being developed

    International: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean)

    Railways:
    Total: 3,940 km
    Narrow gauge: 3,940 km 1.000-m gauge (99 km double track)

    Highways:
    Total: 64,600 km
    Paved: 62,985 km
    Unpaved: 1,615 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 3,999 km principal waterways;
    3,701 km with navigable depths of 0.9 m or more through out the year; numerous minor waterways navigable by shallow-draft native craft

    Pipelines: Petroleum products 67 km; natural gas 350 km

    Ports and harbors: Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Pattani, Phuket, Sattahip, Si Racha, Songkhla

    Merchant marine:
    Total: 299 ships
    (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,834,809 GRT/2,949,558 DWT

    Ships by type: bulk 39, cargo 135, chemical tanker 3, combination bulk 1, container 13, liquified gas 19, multi-functional large load carrier 3, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 63, refrigerated cargo 13, roll-on/roll-off 2, short-sea passenger 2, specialized tanker 5 (1999 est.)

    Airports: 106 (1999 est.)
    Airports - with paved runways:
    Total: 56
    Over 3,047 m: 6
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 17
    914 to 1,523 m: 18
    under 914 m: 4 (1999 est.)

    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    Total: 50
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 16
    under 914 m: 33 (1999 est.)

    Heliports: 3 (1999 est.)

    Military branches: Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy (includes Royal Thai Marine Corps), Royal Thai Air Force, Paramilitary Forces
    Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age

    Military manpower - availability:
    Males age 15-49: 17,621,080 (2000 est.)
    Military manpower - fit for military service:
    Males age 15-49: 10,603,857 (2000 est.)

    Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
    Males: 580,014 (2000 est.)

    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $2.075 billion (FY97/98)

    Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 1.3% (FY97/98)

    Transnational Issues

    Disputes - international: Parts of the border with Laos are indefinite; maritime boundary with Vietnam resolved, August 1997; parts of border with Cambodia are indefinite; maritime boundary with Cambodia not clearly defined; sporadic conflict with Burma over alignment of border

    Illicit drugs: A minor producer of opium, heroin, and marijuana; major illicit transit point for heroin en route to the international drug market from Burma and Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-laundering center; minor role in amphetamine production for regional consumption; increasing indigenous abuse of methamphetamines and heroin.
    With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

    Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
    Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
    Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
    Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

    Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

    Comment


      #3


      With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

      Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
      Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
      Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
      Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

      Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

      Comment


        #4
        It’s good to see something else from Thailand newspapers in addition to what has been posted in other threads. So interesting for me to read about the Royal Family and to see the extent of these celebrations following my recent visit.

        Comment


          #5
          With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

          Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
          Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
          Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
          Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

          Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

          Comment


            #6
            Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

            Things Thai:

            With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

            Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
            Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
            Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
            Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

            Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

            Comment


              #7
              Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

              Thai number plates:


              With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

              Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
              Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
              Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
              Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

              Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

              Comment


                #8
                Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                Thai ID numbers:

                With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

                Comment


                  #9
                  Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                  Two things given a Thai make-over:



                  With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                  Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                  Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                  Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                  Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                  Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

                  Comment


                    #10
                    Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                    In my next life, I shall most definitely return as a tall, dark and ripped Muay Thai boxer.... an expert in martial arts and with a physique and health that nobody could ever fight:

                    With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                    Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                    Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                    Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                    Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                    Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

                    Comment


                      #11
                      Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                      On a much more sad note, HRH Princess Bejraratana dies at the age of 85:

                      With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                      Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                      Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                      Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                      Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                      Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

                      Comment


                        #12
                        Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                        Bless her. What good she did in the world!

                        Comment


                          #13
                          Thank you so much for posting this. I would not have otherwise been aware of the passing of Her Royal Highness.
                          I had known something of her life however, thanks to my guide when I visited Thailand. Perhaps he was just a little disappointed that the seaside town where I one lived was not Brighton! I was struck that it was the late 50’s when she returned to Thailand, imagining what that would have been like, and was touched by the extent and devotion of her good work and patronage subsequently. My guide also mentioned her love of music, and also gift for numbers, days and dates of birth and the calendar. I thought a lot about her father King Rama VI having died the day after her birth.

                          Comment


                            #14
                            Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                            I have started reading up on her life story through a Thai book this past days, and yes, I must admit, she did a lot for her country, despite living abroad for so long.

                            In the Bangkok Post today, it was said that the Royal family now has performed the bathing rites as is usual to Royal funerals and in accordance with Buddhist beliefs.
                            With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                            Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                            Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                            Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                            Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                            Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

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                              #15
                              Re: Facts: Kingdom of Thailand

                              In Thailand, you can see people placing their head into the mouth of a crocodile (for money and entertainment):

                              http://www.dagbladet.no/2011/08/22/t...erie/17740456/
                              With best regards from Jan-Olav Storli

                              Administrator and Owner of CaptainsVoyage.
                              Main page: http://www.captainsvoyage.com
                              Old forum: http://captainsvoyage.7.forumer.com/
                              Join us: Save the "Kong Olav" on facebook

                              Surround yourself with positive, ethical people who are committed to excellence.

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